Carious disease is the most widespread pathology worldwide.
There are several factors that trigger the caries process at the dental level:
– the presence of bacteria specific to carious disease
– poor oral hygiene
– hereditary predisposition of the organism
– diet rich in carbohydrates (carbohydrates)
– salivary consistency, flow and pH
– general conditions that indirectly favor the degradation of dental structures.
It is important to mention that this pathology DOES NOT HEAL ITSELF!
The most common complication of tooth decay is damage to the pulp tissue (tooth nerve).
→Untreated, the caries process extends and exceeds the external structure of the tooth (enamel), penetrates inwards (dentin), reaches the pulpal tissue (nerve) and infects it with pathogens. With the infection of the dental pulp, the painful sensation is triggered. From this stage the therapeutic solutions aim at the total / partial extirpation of the pulp (depending on the clinical situation).
Once devitalized (removed nerve), the quality of the dental structure is lost:
– low resistance
– color change
– predisposition to fractures
– incorrect endodontic treatment can cause apical disorders
→In addition to deepening, the caries process often develops on the surface, affecting much of the enamel and dentin. In these cases, the massive loss of dental tissue requires more complex treatments:
– insertion of pivots (metal / fiberglass) in the root of the tooth to give resistance
– laborious technique of reconstituting the tooth from composite materials
– inserting the tooth under a single-tooth prosthetic work
– in cases of irreparable destruction: tooth extraction
→Therefore, in order to prevent pulp damage, massive loss of dental tissue or even tooth extraction, regular visits to the dental office are necessary to diagnose and treat carious disease from the earliest stages.
The advantages of early diagnosis and treatment of caries:
– minimal discomfort at the time of treatment
– the minimum amount of local anesthetic required facilitates a painless puncture
– short working time
– low costs
– minimal damage to healthy dental tissue
*When filling the thooth these principles are extremely important:
– restoration of occlusal morphology – in order not to develop pathological occlusions over time;
– restoration of contact points – in order not to affect the interdental papilla;
– restoring the correct morphology near the gingiva – in order not to traumatically injure the gingival tissue.
At Diadent Clinic we focus on quality and come to the aid of the patient with modern techniques and biocompatible filling materials of the latest generation that resist over time, and restore both the tooth’ structure and aesthetics – invisible fillings.